1,4-DIOXANE is generated through a process called ethoxylation, in which ethylene oxide, a known breast carcinogen, is added to other chemicals to make them less harsh. A carcinogen, kidney toxicant, neurotoxicant, and respiratory toxicant. Widely used by many companies as it is a simple and cheap process.
Benzalkonium Chloride is a disinfectant used as a preservative and surfactant that can cause severe skin, eye, and lung irritation. Found in sunscreens and moisturizers.
BHT is a synthetic preservative and antioxidant used to extend shelf life. They are hormone and reproductive disruptors and are found to be carcinogenic. Found in lipsticks, moisturisers, diaper creams, and other cosmetics.
Ethanolamines (MEA/DEA/TEA) are used as a pH adjuster and emulsifying agent that can cause allergies, skin irritation and hormone disruption. Found in hair dyes, mascaras, foundations, fragrances and sunscreens.
Hydroquinone is a skin lightening age which is used to treat hyperpigmentation and fade dark marks. However, it is shown that prolonged use of Hydroquinone can instead lead to the user developing dark brown patches. It is also known to be able to cause skin cancer. Found in skin lightening creams.
Methylisothiazolinone (MIT) and Methylchloroisothiazolinone (CMIT) is a widely used preservative that causes skin irritation and contact skin allergies. Found in shampoos, conditioners and body wash.
Oxybenzone is a sunscreen agent and ultraviolet light absorber linked to irritation, sensitisation and allergies, and possible hormone disruption. Found in sunscreens and moisturizers.
Parabens (methyl-, isobutyl-, propyl- and others) are a synthetic preservative used to preserve and extend the shelf life of a product. Parabens are endocrine disruptors, carcinogenic, and toxic to reproductive organs. Studies have shown traces of parabens in breast tissues. Parabens can disrupt hormonal functions due to the ability to mimic oestrogen. High levels of oestrogen can promote breast cell division and trigger growth of tumours. Found in shampoos, face cleansers, body wash, body lotions and foundations.
Petrolatum & Mineral Oil is a by-product of petroleum refining and is known to be carcinogenic.
Polyethylene glycol (PEG compounds) are used as thickeners, solvents, softeners, and moisture-carriers. PEGs may be contaminated with ethylene oxide and 1,4-dioxane, which are both carcinogens. Found in creams, sunscreens and shampoos.
Sodium Lauryl Sulfate and Sodium Laureth Sulfate (SLS and SLES) is a widely used emulsifying and foaming agent that can cause skin irritation or trigger allergies. It is contaminated with 1,4-dioxane. Found in shampoos, body washes, toothpastes and bubble baths.
Synthetic Fragrances many chemical ingredients that can be hormone disruptors and allergens. Fragrance formulas are protected under federal law’s classification of trade secrets and therefore can remain undisclosed. Found in: all types of cosmetics.
Triclosan is an antimicrobial agent found in a wide variety of antibacterial soaps and detergents. It is an endocrine disruption and may also affect human reproductive systems. Found in liquid soaps, soap bars, toothpastes.